West Suffolk Diabetes Service


Understanding Diabetes

 

Glucagon

  What is Glucagon?

  When should Glucagon be used?

  What are the side effects?

  How do I use the Glucagon Emergency Kit?

  How should the kit be stored?

What is Glucagon?

Glucagon is a hormone (like insulin) produced by the pancreas which opposes the action of insulin. It is administered as an injection and like soluble insulin can be given beneath the skin, into muscle or into a vein.

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When should Glucagon be used?

Glucagon is used in emergency situations for treatment of hypoglycaemia when the patient is unconscious.

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What are the side effects?

Side effects of glucagon are not common. Vomiting, itching or rash may occur.

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How do I use the Glucagon emergency Kit?

Within the glucagon kit is found a vial of powdered glucagon and a syringe filled with liquid (diluent). The dose is prepared immediately before injection. The best sites for injection intramuscularly are the large muscles over the buttocks, thigh or arm.

As glucagon can make the patient vomit, place the patient on his or her side after injection. Once consciousness is regained give the patient food and drink (see leaflet on hypoglycaemia).

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How should the kit be stored?

 

 

The kit contains a syringe already filled with distilled water and a vial of glucagon

Glucagon 1 mg dried powder

 

 

Dr. Nishan Wijenaike, Consultant Physician
2002 West Suffolk Hospitals Diabetes Service

Reviewed: August 2002

 

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Source: www.DiabeteSuffolk.com

Copyright: West Suffolk Hospitals NHS Trust, Hardwick Lane,
Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk IP33 2QZ, tel:01284 713000