Administrating Insulin and Insulin Analogues

Using a Syringe

Follow these steps:

Steps 1 and 2

1. Wash your hands

2. Gently mix the contents of the bottle (vial) by rolling the vial between your hands. Ensure contents at room temperature.

Step 3

3. Remove the plastic cap. wipe the top of the bottle with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol.

Step 4

4. Remove protective cap from needle on syringe.

Step 5

5. Draw a volume of air into the syringe equivalent to the dose you plan to use.

Step 6

6. Stick the needle into the vial with the vial upright and inject the air in.

Step 7

7. Turn the vial and needle upside down. Make sure the tip of the needle is in contact with the insulin and draw the insulin into the syringe.

Step 8

8. Expel any air bubbles carefully (tap syringe smartly and coax the bubble towards the needle - push on the plunger to push air bubbles back into the vial). Ensure you have the right dose of insulin, then remove the syringe and needle from the vial. Don't worry too much if you have air bubbles in the syringe - these are not dangerous.


9. Select your injection site and pick up a fold of skin.


10. Push the needle in at a right angle to the skin - insert all the way.

11. inject insulin by pushing the plunger slowly. Count up to ten and withdraw the needle.


12. Dispose of the used needle and syringe into a disposal bin.


Dr Nishan Wijenaike, Consultant Physician
West Suffolk Hospital Diabetes Service
October 2002